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MIDDLE EAST
Country profile: Lebanon PDF Print E-mail
One of the most complex and divided countries in the region, Lebanon has been on the fringes, and at times at the heart, of the Middle East conflict surrounding the creation of Israel.
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Country profile: IranCountry profile: Israel and Palestinian territories PDF Print E-mail
The division of the former British mandate of Palestine and the creation of the state of Israel in the years after the end of World War II have been at the heart of Middle Eastern conflicts for the past half century.
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Country profile: Jordan PDF Print E-mail
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a small country with few natural resources, but it has played a pivotal role in the struggle for power in the Middle East.
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Country profile: Egypt PDF Print E-mail

While best known for its pyramids and ancient civilisations, Egypt has played a central role in Middle East politics in modern times.

Its three wars with Israel in 1948, 1967 and 1973, then its eventual peace with its adversary in 1979, have seen Egypt move from being a warring nation to become a key representative in the peace process.

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Country profile: Sudan PDF Print E-mail

Sudan is the largest and one of the most diverse countries in Africa, home to deserts, mountain ranges, swamps and rain forests.

It emerged from a two-decade civil war between the mainly Muslim north and the Animist and Christian south, only to see fighting break out in the western region of Darfur in early 2003.

The north-south civil war is said to have cost the lives of 1.5 million people. In Darfur, The UN says more than two million people have fled their homes and more than 200,000 have been killed.

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Country profile: Syria PDF Print E-mail

Once the centre of the Islamic Empire, Syria covers an area that has seen invasions and occupations over the ages, from Romans and Mongols to Crusaders and Turks.

A country of fertile plains, mountains and deserts, it is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians, Alawite Shias and Druze, as well as the Arab Sunnis who make up a majority of the Muslim population.

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